Cyclones are large areas of swirling air with clouds and precipitation being formed inside.
Water on Earth is in a continuous state of change. The water cycle includes processes such as evaporation, precipitation, melting and freezing.
Vertical forces can break up layers of rock into fault blocks, which then move vertically along the fracture planes.
During photosynthesis carbon is bound in organic material, while during breathing it is released into the atmosphere.
A fjord is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides, created in a valley carved by glacial activity.
Hotspots are areas of the Earth´s crust where magma often rises to the surface and causes volcanic activity.
A glacier is a large body of ice that forms from snow, and is in constant, slow motion.
The most important types of local winds are the sea-land breeze, the mountain-valley breeze as well as the downslope winds.